Schrodinger's Cat is a thought experiment that puts forth the idea that what is not yet observed is not yet realized. Put a cat in a box with some radioactive material, a Geiger counter, and a vial of poison. The material decays and triggers the counter, the counter's noise shatters the vial, and the vial either kills the cat or it doesn't. Only when the box is opened does the universe make up its mind as to either possibility.
Steven Hawking hates the Schrodinger's Cat idea so much he once said, "Every time I hear of Schrodinger's Cat I reach for my gun." I have to agree; the thought experiment essentially says that any and all outcomes are the universe playing dice. Granted quantum physics doesn't play by the same rules as physics on Earth does but it does play by a set of rules. We just haven't been able to identify them all. It literally took an Einstein to even realize the existence of quantum physics to begin with. What other kind of rare genius will it take to elucidate more of the puzzle?
Oh, and props to Mr. Adams for using such an obscure idea. Perfect analogue for The Company: half-dead, half-alive, only instead of eating flesh and/or brains, it eats the will to live of its employees.